HISTORY OF THE PERSIAN EMPIRE
of Dariush the Great
at Naqsh-e- Rostam
1. (1-8.) A great god is
Ahuramazda, who created this earth, who created yonder sky, who created man, who
created happiness for man, who made Darius king, one king of many, one lord of
(8-15.) I am Darius the Great King, King of Kings, King of countries containing
all kinds of men, King in this great earth far and wide, son of Hystaspes, an
Achaemenian, a Persian, son of a Persian, an Aryan, having Aryan lineage.
(15-30.) Darius the King says: By the favor of Ahuramazda these are the
countries which I seized outside of Persia; I ruled over them; they bore tribute
to me; what was said to them by me, that they did; my law -- that held them
firm; Media, Elam, Parthia, Aria, Bactria, Sogdiana, Chorasmia, Drangiana,
Arachosia, Sattagydia, Gandara, Sind, Amyrgian Scythians, Scythians with pointed
caps, Babylonia, Assyria, Arabia, Egypt, Armenia, Cappadocia, Sardis, Ionia,
Scythians who are across the sea, Skudra, petasos-wearing Ionians, Libyans,
Ethiopians, men of Maka, Carians.
(30-47.) Darius the King says: Ahuramazda, when he saw this earth in commotion,
thereafter bestowed it upon me, made me king; I am king. By the favor of
Ahuramazda I put it down in its place; what I said to them, that they did, as
was my desire. If now you shall think that "How many are the countries
which King Darius held?" look at the sculptures (of those) who bear the
throne, then shall you know, then shall it become known to you: the spear of a
Persian man has gone forth far; then shall it become known to you: a Persian man
has delivered battle far indeed from Persia.
(47-55.) Darius the King says: This which has been done, all that by the will of
Ahuramazda I did. Ahuramazda bore me aid, until I did the work. May Ahuramazda
protect me from harm, and my royal house, and this land: this I pray of
Ahuramazda, this may Ahuramazda give to me!
(56-60.) O man, that which is the command of Ahuramazda, let this not seem
repugnant to you; do not leave the right path; do not rise in rebellion!